International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

(Tokyo Code), Electronic version



Index | A. Algae | B. Fungi | C. Bryophyta, 1. Hepaticae | C. 2. Musci | D.Pteridophyta | E. Spermatophyta | F. Plantae fossiles (exl. Bacillarioph.)


In the following lists the nomina conservanda have been inserted in the left column, in bold-face italics. Synonyms and earlier homonyms (nomina rejicienda) are listed in the right column. The numbering of entries of Spermatophyta follows Dalla Torre & Harms, Genera siphonogamarum (1900-1907).

orth. cons. orthographia conservanda, spelling to be conserved (Art. 14.11).
typ. cons. typus conservandus, type to be conserved (Art. 14.9; see also Art. 14.3 and 10.4); as by Art. 14.8, listed types of conserved names may not be changed even if they are not explicitly designated as typ. cons.
typ. des. typi designatio, designation of type (Art. 10.5); used with names that became nomenclatural synonyms by type designation.
vide see; usually followed by a reference to the author and place of publication of first type designation (Art. 10.5); also uses (as etiam vide, see also) for cross-reference to another relevant entry.
(H) homonym (Art. 14.10; see also Art. 53), only the earliest being listed.
(==) Nomenclatural synonyms of rejected names, when they exist, are cited instead of the type. Nomenclatural synonyms that are part of a type entry are placed in parentheses (round brackets).
(=) taxonomic synonym, based on a type different from that of the conserved name to be rejected only in favour of the conserved name (Art. 14.6 and 14.7). $$Taxonomic synonyms following after a type citation (supposedly correct names and their basionym, if any) are placed in [square] brackets. They are given merely for convenience and have no status for nomenclatural purposes.

Some names listed as conserved have no corresponding nomina rejicienda because they were conserved solely to maintain a particular type, because evidence after their conservation may have indicated that conservation was unnecessary (see Art. 14.13), or because they were conserved to eliminate doubt about their legitimacy.

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by International Association for Plant Taxonomy. This page last updated 03/09/00.