International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

(Tokyo Code), Electronic version




In the following list the nomina conservanda have been inserted in the left column, in bold-face italics. They are arranged in alphabetical sequence. Rejected synonyms (nomina rejicienda) are listed in the right column.

Names listed in this Appendix fall under the special provisions of Art. 14.4.

Neither a rejected name, nor any combination based on a rejected name, may be used for a taxon which includes the type of the corresponding conserved name (Art. 14.7; see also Art. 14 Note 2). Combinations based on a conserved name are therefore, in effect, similarly conserved. When such a later combination is in current use, it is cross-referenced to its conserved basionym.

typ. cons.typus conservandus, type to be conserved (Art. 14.9; see also Art. 14.3 and 10.4); as by Art. 14.8, listed types of conserved names may not be changed even if they are not explicitly designated as typ. cons.
(==)nomenclatural synonym, based on the same nomenclatural type as the conserved name, only the earliest legitimate one, if any, being listed (Art. 14.4).
(=)taxonomic synonym, based on a type different from that of the conserved name, to be rejected only in favour of the conserved name (Art. 14.6 and 14.7).

Some names listed as conserved have no corresponding nomina rejicienda because they were conserved solely to maintain a particular type.




Aspergillus niger Tiegh. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 5, 8: 240. Oct 1867.
Typus: No. 554.65 (CBS); isotypus: No. 50566 (IMI) (typ. cons.).


Ustilago phoenicis Corda, Icon. Fung. 4: 9. 1840 (Aspergillus phoenicis (Corda) Thom).
Typus: non designatus.


Ustilago ficuum Reichardt in Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 17, Abh.: 335. 1867 (Aspergillus ficuum (Reichardt) Thom & Church).
Typus: No. 91881 (IMI).
Penicillium chrysogenum Thom in U.S.D.A. Bur. Anim. Industr. Bull. 118: 58. 1910.
Typus: No. 24314 (IMI) (typ. cons.).


Penicillium griseoroseum Dierckx in Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 86. 1901.
Neotypus (vide Pitt, Genus Penicillium: 249. 1980): No. 92220 (IMI).


Penicillium citreoroseum Dierckx in Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 86. 1901.
Neotypus (vide Pitt, Genus Penicillium: 250. 1980): No. 889 (NRRL).



Penicillium brunneorubrum Dierckx in Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 88. 1901.
Neotypus (vide Pitt, Genus Penicillium: 250. 1980): No. 92198 (IMI).




Bryum hyperboreum Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit. 4: [29]. 4 Oct 1801 (Arctoa hyperborea (Dicks.) Bruch & Schimp.) [Musci].
Typus: "Trockene Felsen unterhalb Kongsvold Dovrefjeld", 23 Jul 1843, W. P. Schimper (BM, herb. Schimper) (typ. cons.).


Grimmia schisti Gunnerus ex F. Weber & D. Mohr, Index Mus. Pl. Crypt.: 2. Aug-Dec 1803 (Cnestrum schisti (Gunnerus ex F. Weber & D. Mohr) I. Hagen) [Musci].
Typus: "Weissia schisti, e Lapponia", 1802, Wahlenberg per Weber & Mohr 1804 ex herb. Bridel (B) (typ. cons.).


Mnium fissum L., Sp. Pl.: 1114. 1 Mai 1753 (Calypogeia fissa (L.) Raddi) [Hepat.].
Typus: [icon] Micheli, Nov. Pl. Gen.: t. 5, f. 14. 1729 (typ. cons.).






Acalypha virginica L., Sp. Pl.: 1003. 1 Mai 1753 [Euphorb.].
Typus: Clayton 201 (BM) (typ. cons.).


Allasia payos Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 85. Sep 1790 [Verben.].
Typus: Tanzania, Tanga, Jan 1893, Volkens 1 (BM) (typ. cons.).


Bactris gasipaes Kunth in Humb. & al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1, ed 4°: 302 [& ed. f°: 242]. 1816 [Palm.].
Typus: Colombia, Ibagué, Bonpland s.n. (P).


Martinezia ciliata Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil.: 275. Dec 1798 (Bactris ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart.).
Typus: Peru, Pozuzo, Pavón s.n. (MA).
Bromus sterilisL., Sp. Pl.: 77. 1 Mai 1753 [Gram.].
Typus: England, Surrey, Tothill, near Hedley, 15 Jun 1932, C. E. Hubbard 9045 in Gram. Brit. Exsicc. Herb. Kew. Distrib. No. 69 (E; iso- K) (typ. cons.).


Cereus jamacaru DC., Prodr. 3: 467. Mar 1828 [Cact.].
Typus: Brazil, Bahia, Mun. Curaçá, north of Barro Vermelho towards Curaçá, caatinga, 395 m, 7 Jan 1991, N. P. Taylor, D. C. Zappi & U. Eggli 1369 (CEPC; iso- K, ZSS, HRCB) (typ. cons.).


Commelina benghalensis L., Sp. Pl.: 41. 1 Mai 1753 [Commelin.].
Typus: India, Herb. Linn. No. 65.16 (LINN) (typ. cons.).


Erica carneaL., Sp. Pl.: 355. 1 Mai 1753 [Eric.].
Typus: [icon] "Erica Coris folio IX", Clusius, Rar. Pl. Hist.: 44. 1601.


Erica herbacea L., Sp. Pl.: 352. 1 Mai 1753.
Typus (vide Brickell & McClintock in Taxon 36: 480. 1987): [icon] "Erica Coris folio VII", Clusius, Rar. Pl. Hist.: 44. 1601.
Erica vagans L., Mant. Pl.: 230. 15-31 Oct 1767 [Eric.].
Typus: U.K., Cornwall, Goonhilly, 12 Jul 1932, W. B. Turrill s.n. (K) (typ. cons.).


Gomphrena ficoidea L., Sp. Pl.: 225. 1 Mai 1753 [Amaranth.].
Typus: Herb. Linn. No. 290.23 (LINN) (typ. cons.).


Grewia mollis Juss. in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 91. 1804 [Til.].
Typus: Nigeria, Nupe, Barter 1097 (K) (typ. cons.).


Fraxinus angustifoliaVahl, Enum. Pl. 1: 52. Jul-Dec 1804 [Ol.].
Typus: Spain, Schousboe (C).


Fraxinus rotundifolia Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: Fraxinus No. 2. 16 Apr 1768.
Lectotypus (vide Green in Kew Bull. 40: 131. 1985): [icon] "Fraxinus rotundi_ore folio", Bauhin, Hist. Pl. Univ. 1(2): 177. 1650.
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: Lycopersicon No. 1. 16 Apr 1768 (Solanum lycopersicum L., Sp. Pl.: 185. 1 Mai 1753) [Solan.].
Typus: Herb. Linn. No. 248.16 (LINN).


Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H. Karsten, Deut. Fl.: 966. Mai 1882 (`Lycopersicum lycopersicum').
Maerua crassifolia Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 104. 1 Oct 1775 [Cappar.].
Typus: Yemen, between Watadah and Sirwah, J. R. I. Wood 3153 (BM) (typ. cons.).


Mimosa pigra L., Cent. Pl. I: 13. 19 Feb 1755 [Legum.].
Typus: Mozambique, Gaza District, between Chibuto and Canicado by R. Limpopo, Barbosa & Lemos 7999 (K; iso- COI, LISC, LMJ) (typ. cons.).


Ononis spinosa L., Sp. Pl.: 716. 1 Mai 1753 [Boragin.].
Typus: Herb. Burser XXI: 79 (UPS) (typ. cons.).


Tetracera volubilis L., Sp. Pl.: 533. 1 Mai 1753 [Dillen.].
Typus: Mexico, Veracruz, Zacupan, Sulphur Spring, Dec 1906, Purpus 2206 (F; iso- US No. 840326) (typ. cons.).


Triticum aestivum L., Sp. Pl.: 85. 1 Mai 1753 [Gram.].
Typus: Herb. Clifford: 24, Triticum No. 3. (BM).


Triticum hybernum L., Sp. Pl.: 86. 1 Mai 1753.
Lectotypus (vide Hanelt & al. in Taxon 32: 492. 1983): Herb. Clifford: 24, Triticum No. 2. (BM).
Uvularia perfoliata L., Sp. Pl.: 304. 1 Mai 1753 [Lil.].
Typus: Virginia, Clayton 258 (BM) (typ. cons.).


Vitex payos (Lour.) Merr., vide Allasia payos.




Contents | Subject index | Index to scientific names | Contact editors | Regnum Vegetabile

© by International Association for Plant Taxonomy. This page last updated Sept. 29, 1997.